Std - 10 Subject - English Unit - 1 Against the odds Questions Answers

 Std - 10 Subject - English Unit - 1 Against the odds Questions Answers



1. For what did the residents of Taj Nagar lobby? How long?

 Ans. The residents of Taj Nagar lobbied for a railway station in their village for twenty-five years.


2. What did the villagers decide? Why? 

Ans. The villagers decided to take matters into their own hands because their demand for a railway station was not met.

3. How much money did they collect? 

Ans. They collected twenty-one lakh rupees.


(2) Most of the three thousand people living in the village are farmers. But such was the burning desire to have a station in the village, everybody contributed according to their capacity. Ranging from three. thousand rupees to seventy-five thousand. rupees. "They donated money for the station and we started the construction in January 2008," said Ranjit Singh, a former village sarpanch.


1. What are most of the people living in the village ?

Ans. Most of the people living in the village are farmers.

2. What shows the burning desire of the people to have a station in the village ?

Ans. The people were so keen to have a railway station in the village that. everybody contributed according to their capacity- from three thousand. rupees to seventy-five thousand rupees.

3. What was the burning desire of the people?

Ans. The burning desire of the people. was to have a railway station in their village.

4. When did the construction of the station. begin?

Ans. The construction of the station began. in January 2008.


(3) "There are a large number of people in the village who need to go to Gurugram, Delhi and Rewar. There are students who. go to colleges. Till now, we had to either go to Halimandi or Patli to catch a train. Both the stations are six kilometres away from Taj Nagar. We thought when the railway lines passed through the village we would have a station here. But that didn't happen. So we raised the demand. in 1982 and have been continuously asking for it, but the railways told us that they did not have funds. So, finally we decided to craft our own destiny," said Hukamchand, a member of the committee.

 1. Where did the villagers have to go to catch a train ?

 Ans. The villagers had to go to Halimandi or Patli to catch a train.

2. How far are Halimandi and Patli from Taj Nagar?

 Ans. Halimandi and Patli are six kilometres from Taj Nagar. 

3. Why did the villagers think that they should have a station in their village ? 

Ans. The villagers thought that they should have a station in their village because the railway lines passed way through the village.

4. What was the response of the railways to the villagers' demand?

 Ans. The railways told the villagers that they did not have funds to build a railway station in their village.


(4) As a result, the panchayat passed a resolution in 2008, saying that since the railway was not able to build a station for them, they would do it for themselves and with their own money! Soon, an eleven member team was formed and the team started collecting money from villagers.On 7 January 2010, as a result of teir efforts, the first railway station in the country, on which the railway did not have to spend a single rupee, started operations.

1. What resolution did the panchayat pass?

Ans. The panchayat passed a resolution. that since the railways was not able to build a station for them they would do it for themselves and with their own money.

2. What did the eleven member team do?

Ans. The eleven member team started collecting money from the villagers to build a railway station..

3. What is special about the Taj Nagar railway station?

Ans. The Taj Nagar railway station is the first station in the country on which the railway did not spend a single rupee as it was build with the people's money.

4.When did Taj Nagar railway station start operations ?

Ans:- Taj Nagar railway station started operations in 7 Januray, 2010.

5. When did the panchayat pass a resolution for the station ?

Ans:- The panchayat passed a resolution for the station in 2008.

6. How many members were there in a committee?

Ans. There were eleven members in a committee.

(5) In rural Uttar Pradesh, over sixty per cent of households are without power. Sitapur district is one such place with no power. A small social enterprise called Mera Gao Power (MGP) is trying to change things. They are putting two solar panels. at a time. In just over a year, MGP has connected more than 3,500 customers to solar power mini-grids at a village level.


1. What is the main problem in rural Uttar Pradesh ?

Ans. The main problem in rural Uttar Pradesh is that over sixty percent of households are without power.

 2. How is MGP trying to change things?

 Ans. MGP are trying to change things by putting two solar panels at a time.

3. What is the result of MGP's efforts ?

Ans. As a result of MGP's effort, more than 3,500 customers are connected to solar power mini-grids at the village level.


(6) Village by village, MGP is building a network of low cost solar micro-grids that provide two LED lights and a mobile - charging point to all paying households at a cost of twenty-five rupees per week. That is cheaper than kerosene, which can cost almost double across a month. Solar power, as a 'smokeless' source of light, comes with added benefits to customer health.


1. What is MGP doing?

Ans. MGP is building a network of low cost solar micro-grids that provide two LED lights and a mobile charging point to all paying households at a cost of twenty-five rupees per week.

2. What are the advantages of solar power?

Ans. Solar power is cheaper than kerosene and being a smokeless source of light, it is good for the customer's health.

3. What facilities does MGP provide with a network of low cost solar micro grids?

Ans. MGP provides two LED lights and a mobile charging point with a network of low cost solar micro grids.


(7) Installing a micro-grid is a grand event in the village and everyone gets involved. In the village of Damdampurawa, the team maps the village, house by house, beneath the scorching mid-day sun, working out where to place each wire so as to connect the customer to the power source. Some householders join in, while others look on, calling out orders or watching the curious proceedings wide eyed.

1. Why does the team map the village? 

Ans. The team maps the village to work out where to place each wire so to connect the customer to the power source.

2. Why is installation of a micro-grid a grand event?

Ans. Installation of micro-grid is a grand event because everyone gets involved in it-some join in, while others look on, calling out orders or watching the proceedings with curiosity and surprise.


(8) The roof of a sturdy, brick-walled house in each village is always chosen as the site for the panels and the battery. Azaz, one of the company's first electrician to be recruited from the local district block of Reusa, installs the panel in a southerly direction to capture as much sunlight as possible.

1. Where are the panels and the battery installed? 

Ans. The panels and the battery are installed on the roof of a sturdy, brick-walled house.

2. Why is the panel installed in a southerly direction? OR How is the panel installed?

Ans. The panel is installed in a southerly direction to capture as much sunlight as possible.

3. Who is Azaz?

Ans. Azaz is one of the company's first electrician, who is recruited from the local district block of Reusa.


(9) "We're saving our environment with these lights, and there's no pollution in our homes either," says a farmer from the village. "New businesses are starting to emerge amongst the custome: too," says another. "In one village, customers are using the light to weave saris by night. In another, one man now has a night business making plastic tablecloth," he says.

"It's nice to have light while we cook

and eat. Our children are also studying more now!"

1. What are the advantages of solar power?

Ans. Solar power saves environment, stops pollution and helps to start new businesses.

2. Why are the people of the village happy?

Ans. The people of the village are happy because they have light while they cook and eat and the children are also studying more.

3. In one village, customers are using the light to ....

 Ans. In one village, customers are using the light to weave saris by night.

 4. One man has a night business of....

Ans. One man has a night business of making plastic tablecloth.


(10) In Kerala, the Palakkad District Public Library has been up and running since September 2013. It is a fine modern library, a centre for information, knowledge, wisdom, cultural activities, research and reference. But it has recently been in the news for different reasons. A third of its thousand members are women. These women, supported by the shared space the library offered them, launched a women's unit in February, 2014. The unit got together to discuss methods of empowering women.

1. When was the Palakkad District Library

started? 

Ans. The Palakkad District Library was

started in September 2013.

2. What is unique about the library members? 

Ans. One-third of the thousand members

of the library are women.

3. The library is a centre for... 

Ans. The library is a centre for information, knowledge, wisdom, cultural activities, research and reference.

4. Why was the library in news?

 Ans. The library was in news because the women members, supported by the shared space the library offered them, launched a women's unit in February, 2014.

5. What did the women's unit discuss? 

Ans. The women's unit discussed methods of empowering women.

(11) The library opened its halls for film screening, workshops in home economics or gardening, child care or the arts, and for women to get help in managing family conflicts, legal disputes and professional problems. The secretary of the library pointed out that through reading, women would realize their own strength and forge a unity.

1. What did the secretary point out? 

Ans. The secretary pointed out that through reading, women would realize their own strength and forge a unity.

2. How does the library help women? 

Ans. The library helps women to manage family conflicts, legal disputes and professional problems. 

3. What kind of workshops are conducted

in the library ? 

Ans. Workshops in home economics, gardening, child care and arts are conducted in the library.

4. For what did the library open its halls

for? 

Ans. The library opened its halls for film screening, workshops in home economics or gardening, child care or the arts, and for women to get help in managing family conflicts, legal disputes and professional problems.

(12) It was noted that the lending libraries of earlier times were disappearing and the present rural reading rooms were too often full of only male readers. The unit discussed that if the once well-read women of Kerala continued to squander their hours in front of television, it would encourage a climate in which women are afraid to go out after dark. So, the unit has formulated plans on opening separate reading rooms for women. 

1. What was the problem of the libraries of earlier times and the present times?

 Ans. The libraries of the earlier times were disappearing and the libraries of the present times were too full of male readers.

2. If the women wasted their time in watching TV..... 

Ans. If the women wasted their time in

watching TV, it would encourage a climate in which women are afraid to go out after dark.

3. What has the women's unit planned?

 Ans. The women's unit has planned to open separate reading rooms for women. 

(13) Palakkad's district library stands tall as a beacon to encourage women's empowerment through classes, clubs, de workshops and reading rooms. And then. there are the books, which will provide the women the strength they need to make good use of these opportunities, 

1. How does the library encourage women empowerment ?

Ans. The library encourages women empowerment through classes, club ,workshops and reading rooms.


2. How will the books help women? 

Ans. The books will give women the strength to make good use of opportunities to empower them selves.


3. What does the library stand as? 

Ans. The library stands as a beacon to encourage women's empowerment through classes, clubs, workshops and reading rooms.


Prepared by - Devkaran Boliya

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